History of Europe - Greeks, Romans, and barbarians | BritannicaIt is also better known as the Classical Civilisation. In exact terms the area refers to the " Mediterranean world ", the extensive tracts of land centered on the Mediterranean and Black Sea basins, the "swimming-pool and spa" of the Greeks and Romans, i. This process was aided by the universal adoption of Greek as the language of intellectual culture and commerce in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea , and of Latin as the tongue for public management and forensic advocacy, especially in the Western Mediterranean. Though Greek and Latin never became the native idioms of the rural peasants who composed the great majority of the empire's population, they were the languages of the urbanites and cosmopolitan elites , and the lingua franca , even if only as corrupt or multifarious dialects to those who lived within the large territories and populations outside the Macedonian settlements and the Roman colonies. The Greco-Roman world had another "world" or empire to its east, the Persians. Ref: Appian, The Civil Wars. In the schools of art , philosophy and rhetoric , the foundations of education were transmitted throughout the lands of Greek and Roman rule.
Comparing and Contrasting Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
Manufacturing was also an urban occupation. Though it prevented Greece from becoming a single unified nation that could rival the strength of the Middle Eastern monarchies, it led to the evolution of the city-state. Sons could legally challenge the competence of their fathers. This article is about the ancient Grerk and the Roman Empire.Ref: Appian, comparable to today's liberal arts. Mousike encompassed all those areas supervised by the MusesThe Civil Wars. A look at the table of contents will make readers aware that this is actually a work on greem history with a seventy-five-page preface on Egypt and the ancient Near East. There were two fields of oratory study that were available for young men.
Snyder, M. Skip to main content. Though knowledge of Classical antiquity and American history are both useful for making connections that go beyond the readings and the lectures, so has no prerequisites. The Roman education system was based on the Greek system - and many doman the private tutors in the Roman system were Greek slaves or freedmen.