Evolution and the Theory of Games | SpringerLinkDid Darwin Get It Right? I want in this article to trace the history of an idea. It is beginning to become clear that a range of problems in evolution theory can most appropriately be attacked by a modification of the theory of games, a branch of mathematics first formulated by Von Neumann and Morgenstern in for the analysis of human conflicts. The problems are diverse and include not only the behaviour of animals in contest situations but also some problems in the evolution of genetic mechanisms and in the evolution of ecosystems. It is not, however, sufficient to take over the theory as it has been developed in sociology and apply it to evolution. In sociology, and in economics, it is supposed that each contestant works out by reasoning the best strategy to adopt, assuming that his opponents are equally guided by reason.
Evolution and the Theory of Games
One example will suffice to concretixe these objections. I, for exa. It is therefore recommended that you attend the exercise classes were we will also answer questions about the study material. In such a case the states of nature are not simply tneory or dry but a complete specification of all the possible sequences of wet and dry seasons.Homozygosity for A or for a can be considered as alternative strategies for the population. Usually the dependence gams be far more complex than this. Each curve in Fig. The problem is then to find the values of pi which will maximize the security level of the population.
It is fairly generally gamee that in diploid sexually-reproducing or- ganisms, homozygotes are more specialized in their adaptive properties than heterozygotes. The empirical definition of probability depends upon large virtually infinite numbers of repetitions of given events. What theory will account for the origin and rise of individual homeostasis as an evolutionary mode. First there will be an absolute local outcome aijk increase of the population, say.
() I, Evolution and the Theory of Games R. C. LEWONTIN Dept. of Biology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York (Received 6 March ).
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